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Methodologies & Tools
Submissions related to Methodologies & Tools
Jurisdictional Approaches to Zero Deforestation Commodities
Increasing numbers of governments, foundations, NGOs, and companies are looking to jurisdictional scale approaches as ways to help deliver sustainable and deforestation-free agricultural commodities. Jurisdictional approaches to zero-deforestation commodities (JA-ZDCs) lie at the intersection of three existing strategies to reduce forest loss and degradation, along with improving the health and sustainability of rural and frontier economies: landscape approaches, jurisdictional approaches, and voluntary corporate sustainability efforts. These three strategies are increasingly converging. This WWF discussion paper maps the current landscape of why, where, who, and how actors are approaching this convergence, based on more than twenty-five interviews with thought leaders in this space. We find that: - There are at least a few dozen examples of JA-ZDCs; however, most are relatively nascent in their development - These approaches take many different angles – including ’bottom-up‘ multi-stakeholder initiatives, global demand-side signals for commodities produced in reduced-deforestation jurisdictions, and place-based supply-side signals, e.g., in the form of jurisdictional certifications - Though there is a mix of enthusiasm and caution about the potential of JA-ZDCs, most interviewees view them as a challenging but promising development to help drive governments and commodity businesses (especially producers) to the table to establish shared goals and pathways to achieving them Key priorities looking forward will include continued experimentation, innovation, and knowledge sharing from early initiatives; increased opportunities for forest country governments to articulate specifically what they need from private sector actors to achieve sustainable development goals and climate targets; and increased technical work to identify how to scale and/or overlay farm- and plantation-level standards and progress in traceability with jurisdictional approaches that engage governments and incentivize land policy reform and/or implementation more broadly.
English External link
EFISCEN: European Forest Information scenario Model
The European Forest Information SCENario Model (EFISCEN) is a large-scale forest model that projects forest resource development on regional to national scales. The model is suitable for the contemporary and future projection of forest resource and carbon balance of forest biomass and soils for a period of 50 to 60 years. The model uses national forest inventory data as a main source of input to describe the current structure and composition of forest resources. EFISCEN provides data on basic forest inventory data (species, area, stemwood volume, increment, mortality, age-structure), but the model includes multiple indicators related to important forest ecosystem services (carbon sequestration, biodiversity, recreation, wind and fire risk), enabling the assessment of impacts of different policy and management strategies at the national and European level. EFISCEN has been developed by both Alterra and European Forest Institute.
English External link
Conserving Forests to Combat Climate Change
In December 2015, the Paris Agreement recognized the critical role of forests in combating climate change. This recognition included actions to halt and reverse the rate of deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, which have contributed up to 20 percent of annual greenhouse gas emissions. To assist countries in these actions, the agreement includes a framework of policies and incentives for reducing deforestation and forest degradation and increasing carbon storage in forests through conservation and sustainable management. This is known as REDD+, a mechanism that has evolved over a decade of discussions, research, and negotiations to become a key piece of the newly adopted climate architecture. The aim of REDD+ is to halt and reverse forest cover and carbon loss in developing countries by helping countries shift to low-emissions development pathways by increasing the value of healthy forests relative to other land uses. Achieving and sustaining the objectives of REDD+ requires the transformation of economic activities within and outside of forests, often referred to as the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation. A solid understanding of REDD+ and the Paris Agreement is needed to accomplish these economic transformations and conserve forests as natural places, carbon stocks, and sustainable resources. This paper describes what REDD+ is, in a manner that is accessible to policy makers, scientists and civil society and in a form that is completely consistent with the UNFCCC decisions and agreements.
English External link
Série de Ressources Techniques: Considérations d’ordre pratique sur la conception des systèmes d’information sur les garanties REDD+
Cette ressource technique – la première d'une nouvelle série de publications techniques consacrées à l'information pratique en matière de conception de systèmes de sauvegarde des données (SSD) conformes aux exigences de la CCNUCC – traite des questions suivantes: Qu'est-ce qu'un SSD? Comment concevoir un SSD? Quel est le coût de la mise en place et de l'exploitation d'un SSD?
French PDF 13.66 MB
Sistemas de información de las salvaguardas de REDD+: consideraciones prácticas de diseño
Este recurso técnico, el primero de una nueva serie de publicaciones de recursos técnicos, contiene consideraciones prácticas de diseño para los sistemas de información sobre salvaguardias (SIS) en armonía con las necesidades de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMNUCC) y aborda las siguientes cuestiones: ¿Cómo es un SIS? ¿Cómo empiezo a diseñar uno? ¿Cuánto costará crearlo y mantenerlo en funcionamiento?
Spanish PDF 15.74 MB
Les approches pays en matiere de garanties
Brève introduction présentant un cadre conceptuel pour les approches par pays des sauvegardes REDD+.
French PDF 1.23 MB
Enfoques a nivel de pais sobre las salvaguardas
Breve resumen introductorio de un marco conceptual para enfoques nacionales a las salvaguardias de REDD+.
Spanish PDF 1.15 MB
Forest Reference Level Submissions under REDD+
EDF, TNC, UCS, and WWF’s report Forest Reference Level Submissions under REDD+: An Analysis of Submission Trends, Leading Practices, and Areas for Improvement examines the first six FRLs to be submitted to the UN – by Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Malaysia and Mexico. It provides an overview of the different approaches these countries have taken to developing their FRLs. It examines some of the shared trends, in order to identify good practices, areas for improvement and lessons learnt. And it examines how effectively they can contribute to delivering real emissions reductions.
English External link
REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems: Practical Design Considerations
First in a new line of technical resource publications, offering practical design considerations for safeguard information systems (SIS) in line with UNFCCC requirements, this technical resource addresses the following questions: What does a SIS look like? How do I go about designing one? How much will it cost to both build and to operate?
English PDF 14.64 MB
Country Approaches to REDD+ Safeguards: A Global Review of Initial Experiences and Emerging Lessons
This technical resource publication presents an initial global overview of country perspectives, experiences and lessons learned that may be used to inform better safeguards processes and practices in the future.
English PDF 9.62 MB
REDD+ Academy Learning Journals
This comprehensive REDD+ learning resource addresses 12 key topics in REDD+: Forest, Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change; Understanding REDD+ and the UNFCCC; Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation; National Strategies and Action Plans; National Forest Monitoring Systems; Forest Reference Emission Levels; Policies and Measures for REDD+ Implementation; REDD+ Safeguards; REDD+ Finance; Approaches for Allocation of Incentives; Stakeholder Engagement; Good Governance.
English, French, Spanish External link
Business Case for Mainstreaming Gender in REDD+
Promoting a human rights-based approach to development requires UN-REDD partner institutions to ensure that their support for REDD+ promotes good practices and does not perpetuate or exacerbate existing inequalities between women and men. Toward this end, “the Business case for Mainstreaming Gender in REDD+” demonstrates why the unique role of women in protecting and managing forests— and ensuring their equal access to resources—is an important component for a more equitable, effective and efficient REDD+. Through this effort we hope to establish a greater base of evidence that will help policy-makers, practitioners and others understand the critical influence that gender-differentiated needs, uses and knowledge have on REDD+ policy and programming on the ground.
English PDF 3.10 MB
The Implementation of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ by Brazil
This is the complete version of the publication. It provides details about the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ and the process that Brazil went through as the first developing country to go through its implementation. All the submissions made by Brazil to the UNFCCC are available on this publication, as well as the reports from the technical assessments by UNFCCCC LULUCF experts that verified Brazil\'s REDD+ results. This is an important and useful resource for south-south cooperation on REDD+.
English External link
Note d'Information: Les approches nationales en matière de garanties : Expériences initiales et leçons émergentes
Note d'information du Programme ONU-REDD résumant les conclusions de la publication technique intégrale sur les approches par pays en matière de sauvegardes. Cette ressource offre une synthèse des connaissances les plus récentes sur les approches par pays en matière de sauvegardes REDD+, avec pour objectif principal de faciliter l'échange d\'informations entre pays REDD+. Les conclusions de cette première étude mondiale intègrent les résultats d'une consultation réalisée auprès de plusieurs pays ayant chacun enregistré des progrès en matière de sauvegardes. (La version intégrale du document correspondant à cette ressource technique est disponible en ligne à l\'adresse http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&view=list&slug=technical-resources-series&Itemid=134)
French PDF 4.82 MB
Nota informativa: Enfoque nacionale de salvaguardas: Experiencias iniciales y lecciones emergentes
Nota informativa del Programa ONU-REDD en la que se resumen las conclusiones de la publicación completa de recursos técnicos sobre los enfoques nacionales de salvaguardias. En este análisis se sintetizan los últimos conocimientos sobre enfoques nacionales respecto a las salvaguardias de REDD+, con el objetivo principal de facilitar el intercambio de información entre países de REDD+. Las conclusiones de este análisis general inicial están basadas en un proceso consultivo en el que participaron diversos países que han logrado avances en sus enfoques nacionales de salvaguardias. (El documento completo de recursos técnicos correspondiente está disponible en línea en http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&view=list&slug=technical-resources-series&Itemid=134)
Spanish PDF 4.99 MB
Document Technique: Système d’information sur les garanties : considérations d’ordre pratique sur la conception
Note technique résumant la publication technique intégrale sur les considérations en matière de conception de SSD, disponible ici: http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&view=list&slug=technical-resources-series&Itemid=134
French PDF 9.68 MB
REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014: Trends and Lessons Learned in REDDX Countries
The study follows the money trail in 13 countries that account for 65 percent of the globe’s tropical forest cover under the U.N.’s REDD+ initiative. The research by Forest Trends’ REDDX (REDD eXpenditures) initiative covers six years from 2009 to 2014. It tracks more than $6 billion of the nearly $10 billion that has been committed or pledged to REDD+ programs globally. Key findings of the new report show that of the $3.7 billion committed, 60 percent or $2.2 billion came directly from individual donor countries. Norway, the largest donor by far, has contributed nearly half of all those funds; Germany, Japan and the United States committed a combined total of $730 million; and the U.K., Australia and France contributed most of the remainder. The private sector contributed 10 percent of all REDD+ finance commitments tracked in these 13 countries. Brazil and Indonesia together received nearly two-thirds of all funding pledged or committed. The big winner that has received the most money thus far is Brazil’s Amazon Fund, which had received $867 million from Norway by the end of 2014. Payments of promised funds have grown steadily, with 62 percent of all committed funds paid out by the end of 2014. Most of the money has gone directly to government agencies, with small amounts supporting the work of international organizations. The percentage of payments paid out to participating countries varies dramatically, from Brazil, which has received 91 percent of its promised funding, to Mexico, which has gotten only 5 percent of the money pledged to it.
English PDF 5.22 MB
Ecuador: Successfully positioned to implement its REDD+ Action Plan
With its REDD+ readiness capacities now in place, Ecuador is now positioned to implement its REDD+ Action Plan, which is built on the country’s commitment to fight climate change and promote sustainable rural development. Through the implementation of this plan, Ecuador will demonstrate its emissions reductions from deforestation and gain access to results-based payments.
English PDF 2.52 MB
Info Brief: Country Approaches to Safeguards: Initial Experiences and Emerging Lessons
UN-REDD Programme Info Brief summarizing the findings of the full Technical Resource publication on country approaches to safeguards. This review synthesizes the state-of-the-art knowledge on country approaches to REDD+ safeguards, with the primary aim of facilitating information exchange among REDD+ countries. The findings of this initial global review were informed by a consultative process engaging a number of countries who have made progress with their country approaches to safeguards. (Full corresponding technical resource document is available online at http://www.unredd.net/index.php?view=document&alias=15044-technical-resource-series-2-country-approaches-to-redd-safeguards-a-global-review-of-initial-experiences-and-emerging-lessons&category_slug=technical-resources-series&layout=default&option=com_docman&Itemid=134)
English PDF 8.84 MB
Informe Técnico: Sistemas de Información de Salvaguardas (SIS): Consideraciones prácticas de diseño
Informe técnico en el que se resume la publicación completa de recursos técnicos relativa a las consideraciones prácticas de diseño de los SIS, disponible aquí: http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&view=list&slug=technical-resources-series&Itemid=134
Spanish PDF 10.06 MB
Technical Brief: REDD+ Safeguards Information Systems: practical design considerations
Technical brief summarizing the full Technical Resource publication on SIS design considerations, available here: http://www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&view=list&slug=technical-resources-series&Itemid=134
English PDF 5.05 MB
BOLETÍN DE POLÍTICAS: Incentivos fiscales a la producción agrícola: opciones para forjar una compatibilidad con REDD+
Este Boletín de políticas describe opciones para forjar una compatibilidad entre los incentivos fiscales a la producción agrícola y REDD+.
Spanish PDF 8.32 MB
Policy Brief: Fiscal incentives for agricultural commodity production: Options to forge compatibility with REDD+
This Policy Brief outlines options for forging compatibility between fiscal incentives for agricultural commodity production and REDD+.
English PDF 8.28 MB
Practical Experiences of LAC towards the Implementation of REDD+
The exchange outlined in this report provided a framework for strengthening South-South cooperation in the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) region. The meeting served to clarify the links between the four pillars, and was also helpful for identifying opportunities to enhance coordination and consistency in the REDD+ preparatory processes at the national level while also promoting joint discussion with a view to studying possible solutions.
English PDF 1.89 MB
O nível de referência de emissões florestais do Brasil para pagamentos por resultados de redução de emissões provenientes do desmatamento no bioma Amazônia
O Brasil é responsável por expressivos resultados de redução de emissões de CO 2 provenientes do desmatamento no bioma Amazônia. A formalização das ações nacionais de redução das emissões de gases de efeito estufa provenientes do desmatamento e degradação florestal, incluindo o papel da conservação florestal, do manejo sustentável de florestas e do aumento dos estoques de carbono florestal (REDD+) é um requisito para o reconhecimento dos resultados alcançados no âmbito da Convenção-Quadro das Nações Unidas sobre Mudança do Clima (UNFCCC). O nível de referência de emissões florestais (FREL) é o referencial a partir do qual o resultado das ações de REDD+ é medido. A submissão do FREL por países em desenvolvimento é voluntária, sendo, porém, um dos requisitos de elegibilidade para o recebimento de pagamentos por desempenho. O Brasil foi o primeiro país a submeter um FREL para avaliação de especialistas indicados pela UNFCCC em junho de 2014, dando início à implementação do Marco de Varsóvia para REDD+. O FREL submetido pelo Brasil passou por rigoroso processo de avaliação no âmbito da UNFCCC entre agosto e novembro de 2014. Esse processo facilitativo, contribuiu para dar maior transparência à submissão e identificou também áreas onde o Brasil poderia priorizar seus esforços de desenvolvimento técnico. O Brasil espera que mais países em desenvolvimento submetam seus FRELs e que países desenvolvidos se comprometam com o pagamento por resultados, para garantir a efetiva contribuição de REDD+ para a mitigação da mudança global do clima.
Portuguese External link
Country Approaches to Safeguards Tool (CAST)
The Country Approach to Safeguards Tool (CAST) provides countries with an Excel-based, interactive tool to plan and review the development of their approaches to REDD+ safeguards. CAST is designed to be voluntarily applied by REDD+ countries in order to support their planning efforts for activities related to safeguards and SIS, carried out in response to the relevant UNFCCC decisions.
English, French, Spanish External link
Benefit and Risk Tool (BeRT)
The Benefits and Risks Tool (BeRT) supports REDD+ countries to: a) assess the social and environmental risks and benefits associated with potential REDD+ actions (also known as candidate Policies and Measures, PAMs) and b) analyse how existing policies, laws and regulations (PLRs) address the Cancun safeguards.
English External link
Women’s Inclusion in REDD+ in The Philippines Lessons from Good Practices in Forest, and Other Natural Resources Management Sectors
This study is a part of the Joint Initiative of the USAID-funded LEAF Project, WOCAN, and the UN-REDD Programme to investigate practical entry points for women’s inclusion in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) policies and practices. It explores the current status and implementation of policies and practices related to gender equality in forestry and other natural resource management sectors in the Philippines, and their relation to REDD+ initiatives. An effort was made to identify the elements that prevent the inclusion of women in REDD+ in the Philippines, as well as the factors that enable their inclusion in policies and practices. Given the emerging and unfolding state of REDD+, an exploration of gender issues in REDD+ was tied to the overall status of women’s inclusion in the broader NRM sector. Data for this study was collected using desk reviews, key-informant interviews and field site interactions at Atimonan, Quezon. The early findings were then presented through a national dialogue for further discussion and validation, which led to identification of practical entry points and key recommendations for improving effectiveness of natural resource management and REDD+ through greater inclusion of women in forest policies and programs.
English PDF 517.16 KB
Methods and Guidance from the Global Forest Observations Initiative
The purpose of the Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) Methods and Guidance Document (MGD) is to provide countries with advice relevant to their development of national forest monitoring, and measuring, reporting and verifying (MRV) systems that use remotely sensed and ground-based data. The MGD provides information that can be customised to fit individual country circumstances and cope with both preferences and evolution in technology.
English PDF 1.43 MB
Méthodes et pratiques recommandées par l’Initiative mondiale pour l’observation des forêts
Le présent document de l’Initiative mondiale pour l’observation des forêts (GFOI) a pour objet de conseiller les pays aux fins de l’élaboration d’un dispositif de surveillance des forêts nationales, ainsi que d’un système de mesure, notification et vérification fondé sur des données de télédétection et des données au sol. Il contient des informations qui peuvent être adaptées aux circonstances de chaque pays et qui sont compatibles avec les divers choix et évolutions technologiques.
French PDF 1.67 MB
Métodos y orientación de la Iniciativa Mundial de Observación de los Bosques
El propósito del documento sobre métodos y orientación de la Iniciativa Mundial de Observación de los Bosques (GFOI) consiste en proporcionar a los países el asesoramiento necesario para que desarrollen sistemas nacionales de vigilancia forestal, así como de medición, notificación y verificación (MRV), que utilicen datos DE teledetección Y obtenidos in situ. El documento sobre métodos y orientación suministra información adaptable a las circunstancias particulares de un país y acorde a las preferencias y los avances tecnológicos.
Spanish PDF 1.36 MB
Guidance Note on Gender Sensitive REDD+
This note has been prepared as a guide for those involved in REDD+ efforts at the local, national, regional or global level. The overall objective is to promote gender sensitive REDD+ processes and to support UN-REDD partner countries and stakeholders in the preparation, development and implementation of gender sensitive REDD+ strategies.
English PDF 5.31 MB
Scoping Study of Good Practices for Strengthening Women’s Inclusion in Forest and Other Natural Resource Management Sectors
This scoping report examine\'s the diversity of good practices within the forest and other land-use sectors on women’s inclusion, with a view to draw out key enabling conditions that have facilitated women to participate and benefit from policies, institutions and practices −both formal and informal at all levels.
English PDF 1.41 MB
Women’s Inclusion in REDD+ in Cambodia Lessons from Good Practices in Forest, Agriculture and Other Natural Resources Management Sectors
The study is a part of the Joint Initiative of WOCAN, the UN-REDD Programme and USAID-funded LEAF Project to investigate practical entry points for women’s inclusion in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) policies and practices. It aims to explore the current status and effectiveness of policies and practices related to gender integration in forestry, REDD+ and other natural resources management sectors in Cambodia. It analyses the current policies and practices, identifies the gaps between policies and practices, determines the factors that enable the inclusion of women in the policies and practices and identifies elements that prevent inclusion and effective implementation.
English PDF 1,022.53 KB
Sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring, measuring and reporting - COP 18 Version 1
This sourcebook is the outcome of an ad-hoc REDD working group of GOFC-GOLD (Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics) that has been active since the initiation of the UNFCCC REDD process in 2005. It provides a consensus perspective from the global community of earth observation and carbon experts on methodological issues relating to quantifying carbon impacts of implementation activities to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries (REDD).
English PDF 8.35 MB
Taking stock of our forests- Global Forest Observations Initiative
English PDF 3.84 MB
Sourcebook of methods and procedures for monitoring, measuring and reporting
This sourcebook is the outcome of an ad-hoc REDD working group of GOFC-GOLD (Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics) that has been active since the initiation of the UNFCCC REDD process in 2005. It provides a consensus perspective from the global community of earth observation and carbon experts on methodological issues relating to quantifying carbon impacts of implementation activities to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries (REDD). The Sourcebook is now available under the Doha COP 18 Version. It is to be understood as a living document. Further methods and technical details can be specified and added with evolving political negotiations and decisions. Respective communities are invited to provide comments and feedback to evolve a more detailed and refined technical-guidelines document in the future.
English PDF 7.43 MB
What is needed to make REDD+ work on the ground? Lessons learned from pilot forest carbon initiatives
In this report, Conservation International provides an in-depth analysis of 12 pilot forest carbon initiatives in which it has been involved as partner, in order to provide preliminary insights into what will be needed to make REDD+ work on the ground. Located in nine countries throughout Asia, Latin America and Africa, these initiatives represent a broad range of geographic, socioeconomic and biophysical conditions and provide a unique opportunity to examine the challenges and opportunities of designing and implementing forest carbon initiatives in different countries. By providing a holistic and fine-scale analysis of Conservation International’s experiences in implementing reforestation and REDD+ initiatives on the ground, this study reveals many of the real-world challenges that project managers and policy makers will likely face as they design and implement new REDD+ initiatives , and provide practical recommendations of how to enhance the chances of successful design and implementation in the field that result in the provision of climate, community and biodiversity benefits.
English PDF 1.79 MB
促使REDD+机制切 实发挥作用，尚有 哪些欠缺？ 由森林碳汇试点项目得 到的经验 执行纲要及建议
Chinese PDF 1.13 MB
What is needed to make REDD+ work on the ground? Lessons learned from pilot forest carbon initiatives Executive Summary + Recommendations
English PDF 873.58 KB
¿Qué se necesita para hacer REDD+ funcionar en el campo? Lecciones aprendidas de iniciativas piloto de carbono forestal Resumen Ejecutivo + Recomendaciones
Spanish PDF 917.45 KB
De quoi le mécanisme REDD+ a-t-il besoin pour fonctionner sur le terrain? Retour d’expérience d’initiatives pilotes de carbone forestier Synthèse + Recommandations
French PDF 952.37 KB
O que é necessário para fazer o REDD+ funcionar em campo? Lições aprendidas em iniciativas florestais de carbono Sumário Executivo + Recomendações
Portuguese PDF 934.02 KB
A Field Guide for Assessing and Monitoring Reduced Forest Degradation and Carbon Sequestration by Local Communities
This document is a field manual, developed by the Kyoto: Think Global, Act Local project (K:TGAL, for more information on this project see the below web link), for the training of local organisations who would in turn train local communities to make formal forest inventories. It is a draft in progress, being updated and improved on a regular basis. Any comments or suggestions would be very welcome. Please send these to: < Verplanke@itc.nl >
English PDF 1.93 MB
Emissions and removals from land-use, land use change and forestry activities in a post-Kyoto regime - quantitative analysis of a framework for reducing deforestation
English, German PDF 2.27 MB